Unusual case of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia during primary HIV infection

David K. Byers, Catherine F. Decker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Symptomatic primary HIV infection occurs in an estimated 50% to 90% of patients. A constellation of symptoms that most closely resembles those of acute infectious mononucleosis characterizes the syndrome. On rare occasions, opportunistic infections present simultaneously with primary HIV infection. We describe a patient who presented with an episode of severe Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia during what appeared to be a prolonged primary HIV infection. Serological testing demonstrated the progressive development of reactive bands on serial Western blot determinations. This case highlights how primary HIV infection can produce profound immunosuppression through CD4 lymphocytopenia predisposing patients to opportunistic infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-317
Number of pages5
JournalAIDS Reader
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
  • Primary HIV infection


Dive into the research topics of 'Unusual case of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia during primary HIV infection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this