Use of patient-specific Leptospira isolates in the diagnosis of leptospirosis employing microscopic agglutination testing (MAT)

Clinton K. Murray*, Michael R. Gray, Katrin Mende, Tina M. Parker, Ahmed Samir, Bassem Abdel Rahman, Engy E. Habashy, Duane R. Hospenthal, Guillermo Pimentel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Given the protean manifestations of leptospirosis, adequate laboratory support for diagnosis is necessary. Traditionally, the gold standard is the microscopic agglutination test (MAT) using a panel of Leptospira isolates representing a broad range of serogroups and serovars. It has been proposed that screening with serovars circulating in a region would enhance test performance. We assessed the diagnostic usefulness of MAT using both regionally obtained clinical Leptospira isolates and the specific isolates recovered from the tested patients. Serum obtained from 41 acute febrile patients (obtained on average 7.2 days [SD ± 5.2] after onset of fever) was tested using a standard panel of 24 serovars along with regional isolates recovered from human and animal blood cultures from different regions in Egypt and a patient's own isolate, if available, to establish additional MAT panels. Serum samples tested by a standard 24 panel with a cut-off of >1:800 revealed five patients with positive serology. Only one patient had a positive result using a regional panel or patient's own culture developed MAT. However, the serovar with the highest titers did not match the cultured serovar. Region-specific MATs did not appear to be reliable in detection of infection or in identifying the infecting serovar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-213
Number of pages5
JournalTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume105
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Leptospirosis
  • Microscopic agglutination testing
  • Regional diagnosis

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