Vaccine-induced Env V1-V2 IgG3 correlates with lower HIV-1 infection risk and declines soon after vaccination

Nicole L. Yates, Hua Xin Liao, Youyi Fong, Allan DeCamp, Nathan A. Vandergrift, William T. Williams, S. Munir Alam, Guido Ferrari, Zhi Yong Yang, Kelly E. Seaton, Phillip W. Berman, Michael D. Alpert, David T. Evans, Robert J. O'Connell, Donald Francis, Faruk Sinangil, Carter Lee, Sorachai Nitayaphan, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Jaranit KaewkungwalPunnee Pitisuttithum, James Tartaglia, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Peter B. Gilbert, Gary J. Nabel, Nelson L. Michael, Jerome H. Kim, David C. Montefiori, Barton F. Haynes, Georgia D. Tomaras*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

373 Scopus citations

Abstract

HIV-1-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclass antibodies bind to distinct cellular Fc receptors. Antibodies of the same epitope specificity but of a different subclass therefore can have different antibody effector functions. The study of IgG subclass profiles between different vaccine regimens used in clinical trials with divergent efficacy outcomes can provide information on the quality of the vaccine-induced B cell response. We show that HIV-1-specific IgG3 distinguished two HIV-1 vaccine efficacy studies (RV144 and VAX003 clinical trials) and correlated with decreased risk of HIV-1 infection in a blinded follow-up case-control study with the RV144 vaccine. HIV-1-specific IgG3 responses were not long-lived, which was consistent with the waning efficacy of the RV144 vaccine. These data suggest that specific vaccine-induced HIV-1 IgG3 should be tested in future studies of immune correlates in HIV-1 vaccine efficacy trials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number228ra39
JournalScience Translational Medicine
Volume6
Issue number228
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

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