Willingness to receive a hypothetical avian influenza vaccine among US military personnel in mid-deployment

Chad K. Porter*, Gina Fitamaurice, David R. Tribble, Adam W. Armstrong, Manal Mostafa, Mark S. Riddle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Though no avian influenza vaccine currently exists, development efforts have increased. Given recent reports of suboptimal vaccination rates among US military personnel, we sought to assess factors associated with a willingness to receive a hypothetical avian influenza vaccine. a self-administered questionnaire was completed by US military personnel during mid-deployment to Iraq, Afghanistan, and surrounding regions. Respondents were predominately male (86.2%), army (72.1%), and enlisted (86.3%) with a mean age of 29.6 y. The majority (77.1%) agreed to receive an avian influenza vaccine if available. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) identified two factors, vaccine importance and disease risk, that best described the individual perceptions and both were associated with an increased willingness to receive the hypothetical vaccine (OR: 8.2 and 1.6, respectively). Importantly, after controlling for these factors differences in the willingness to receive this hypothetical vaccine were observed across gender and branch of service. These results indicated that targeted education on vaccine safety and efficacy as well as disease risk may modify vaccination patterns in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2613-2617
Number of pages5
JournalHuman Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2013


  • Avian influenza
  • Disease risk
  • Factor analysis
  • Military
  • Vaccine
  • Vaccine safety


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