YY1 represses human papillomavirus type 16 transcription by quenching AP-1 activity

Mark J. O'Connor, Shyh Han Tan, Chiew Hoon Tan, Hans Ulrich Bernard*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Scopus citations

Abstract

YY1 is a multifunctional transcription factor that has been shown to regulate the expression of a number of cellular and vital genes, including the human papillomavirus (HPV) oncogenes E6 and E7. In this study, we have analyzed the YYl-mediated repression of the HPV type 16 (HPV-16) E6-E7 promoter. A systematic analysis to identify YY1 sites present in the HPV-16 long control region showed that of 30 potential YY1 binding motifs, 24 bound purified recombinant YY1 protein, but only 10 of these were able to bind YY1 when nuclear extracts of HeLa cells were used. Of these, only a cluster of five sites, located in the vicinity of an AP-1 motif, were found to be responsible for repressing the HPV-16 P97 proranter. All live sites were required for repression, the mutation of any one site giving rise to a four- to sixfold increase in transcriptional activity. The target for YY1-mediated repression was identified as being a highly conserved AP-1 site, and we propose that AP-1 may represent a common target for YY1 repression. We also provide data demonstrating that YY1 can bind the transcriptional coactivator CREB-binding protein and propose a potentially novel mechanism by which YY1 represses AP-1 activity as a result of this YY1-CREB-binding protein interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6529-6539
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume70
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'YY1 represses human papillomavirus type 16 transcription by quenching AP-1 activity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this